Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
1. what is collective conscience of society? How does it affect the society? Explain with suitable example.(250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why this question:
The question is based on the fact that a recent study has pointed out to importance of collective conscience of society in the death penalty cases in the country.
Key demand of the question:
Explain what you understand by collective conscience of the society; explain its effects in general with suitable examples.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Coined by David Emile Durkheim – a famed French sociologist, collective consciousness referred to the shared beliefs and moral attitudes which operate as a unifying force within society.
It is a fundamental sociological concept that refers to the set of shared beliefs, ideas, attitudes, and knowledge that are common to a social group or society. Then one should explain how collective consciousness holds society together. Discuss the factors that induce collective conscience in a society. Give suitable examples to explain its effect on the society. Take hints from the article explain the case of death penalty.
Conclude with its importance to the society in general.