Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Issues relating to poverty and hunger
2. Tribals constitute major proportion in the total number of inter-state and intra state migrants in the country. In the light of the statement, discuss on the effects inflicted by the pandemic on their lives and livelihoods.(250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
A migrant Adivasi girl died of hunger and dehydration in Chhattisgarh. Thus the context of the question.
Key demand of the question:
One must bring out issues associated with migrant tribals and the effect of the COVID pandemic on their lives and livelihoods.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Firstly present the gist of the question.
The government’s declared war on the novel coronavirus is turning out to be an undeclared war against the workers of India. Among them are workers from Adivasi communities. State some key facts justifying the stand of the question – The last National Sample Survey Office migration survey, which was published more than two Decades ago, showed that between 1992-93 to 2007–08, the proportion of migrant households among Scheduled Tribes (STs) was higher than among all other communities. The same data showed that STs were the single largest group among female migrants. With 45.5% of rural Adivasis below the poverty line, Adivasis usually do multiple kinds of work through the year. State the reason for increasing number of migrant workers. Explain the effects inflicted by the pandemic on their lives and livelihoods.
Conclude with solutions to address the problems.