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How does transportation affect agriculture? What are the problems associated with it? Elucidate.

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. How does transportation affect agriculture? What are the problems associated with it? Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to analyse the important role played by transportation in the agriculture sector and the issues associated with it.


Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:


Briefly quote the significance of transport in the agri sector in general.


When analyzing transport of agriculture produce, it is identified that transport costs has critical role in recognizing the link between accessibility and agricultural development. Good transport system is critically important to competent agricultural marketing. For distribution of agriculture produce, road transport has vital role because it is the major means of transporting agricultural produce from the farms to the markets as well as to various urban communities. It is the only means by which food produced at farm location is transported to different homes as well as markets. Transport creates market for agricultural produce, improves interaction among geographical and economic regions and opens up new areas to economic focus. Explain the associated concerns or challenges. Suggest what needs to be done to overcome it.


Conclude with way forward.