Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
4. Elaborate on the key determinants of cropping pattern in India while presenting a spatial analysis.(250 words)
Reference: Indian Geography by Majid Hussain
Why this question:
The question is straightforward and is from the static portions of GS paper III.
Key demand of the question:
Explain key determinants of cropping pattern in India while presenting a spatial analysis.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly define what you understand by cropping pattern.
To start with, explain that the cropping patterns may be affected by several factors and interplay of these factors. Some of these include physical and technical factors, economic factors, government agrarian policy, improvements in technology, availability of agricultural inputs and facilities etc. Discuss the physical factors affecting cropping pattern, technical factors and input availability affecting cropping pattern, Economic Factors etc. Draw a map of India and present the spatial aspects of the pattern.
Conclude with suggestions to address the issues.