Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration
7. St. Thomas Aquinas argues that people can defy laws under certain circumstances. Do you agree? present your viewpoints with suitable justifications.(250 words)
Reference: Wilbur Marshal Urban Fundamentals of Ethics: Introduction to Moral Philosophy
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I
Key demand of the question:
Explain your view points about defying law under certain circumstances. Do you agree with the viewpoints of St. Thomas Aquinas? One has to opine on the above aspect and conclude with suitable justification.
Justify – When you are asked to justify, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences. You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.
Structure of the answer:
Present briefly the context of the question.
To start with explain the Meaning of Law in Ethics from the perspectives of St. Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas distinguishes four kinds of law: (1) eternal law; (2) natural law; (3) human law; and (4) divine law. According to St. Thomas Aquinas, law imposes an obligation on people. It makes people act or desist from acting; or it prescribes some actions and prohibits some actions. Now present your understanding with respect to the question context, present examples to justify suitably.
Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.