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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 May 2020

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1. Discuss the rationale of a second chamber- the Rajya Sabha in the Indian Parliament.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is based on the series of article that have been narrating the significance and rationale behind the existence of Rajya Sabha in the Indian system of Parliament.  

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the rationale behind the second chamber of the Parliament the Rajya Sabha.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present brief history of legislature in India. The central legislature that came into being under the Government of India Act, 1919, was bicameral with a Council of States comprising 60 members and a Legislative Assembly comprising 145 members. The membership and voting norms for the Council of States were very restrictive. The Rajya Sabha came into being in 1952.

Body:

One can start by bringing out key assembly debates related to coming of Rajya Sabha into action. Present Arguments against as well as in favor of Rajya Sabha. Discuss the significance of RS; bring out the importance of Bicameralism; it is a principle that requires the consent of two differently constituted chambers of Parliament for making or changing laws. Present concerns associated if any.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the importance that the role of RS is to represent the interests of the States as a federal chamber; and be a deliberative body holding high-quality debates on important issues.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. What is ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’? Discuss the significance of self-reliance and self-efficiency in the times of crisis like the COVID pandemic.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

Prime Minister announced a special economic package and gave a clarion call for Atmanirbhar Bharat. He noted that this package, taken together with earlier announcements by the government during COVID crisis and decisions taken by RBI, is to the tune of Rs 20 lakh crore, which is equivalent to almost 10% of India’s GDP. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the key objectives and features of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’ and bring out the importance of self-reliance and self-efficiency in current times of the pandemic.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Straightaway start by explaining the coming of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’.

Body:

To start with explain the fact that the definition of self-reliance has undergone a change in the globalized world and clarified that when the country talks about self-reliance, it is different from being self-centered. Discuss the 5 pillars of self-reliance. Then explain the key features of Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan. The package will also focus on land, labour, liquidity and laws, Factors of Production. It will cater to various sections including cottage industry, MSMEs, laborers, middle class, and industries, among others.

Conclusion:

Conclude that self-reliance will prepare the country for tough competition in the global supply chain, and it is important that the country wins this competition. The package will also focus on empowering the poor, laborers, migrants, etc., both from organized and unorganized sectors.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3.Discuss the relationship between climate change and energy security in the context of India, explain the key issues involved and suggest solutions.(250 words)

Reference:  pib.gov.in 

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of the speech rendered by Dr.Anil Kakodkar on the occasion of National Technology Day.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the relationship between climate change and energy security in the context of India, highlight the key issues involved and suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what you understand by climate change and energy security.

Body:

Highlight the need for dealing with energy needs in the context of climate crisis. Explain the correlation between HDI and Per Capita Energy Consumption. Emphasize on the need to strike a balance between enhancing the quality of human life as well as keeping a control over the climate crisis. Comment on the aspects of action required.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions; explain that interaction between energy security and climate change at a national level can be an important influence on the positions taken by nation states at international negotiations and that there is need to recognise it and work on it.

 

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4. Elaborate upon  the prospects of transforming rural India with the help of digital technologies.(250 words)

Reference:  weforum.org 

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the prospects of transforming rural India with the help of digital technologies in detail.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by highlighting the fact that ICT is becoming the facilitator of socio-economic development in rural India with its obvious facilities by way of health, education, financial services and employment avenues, etc. 

Body:

Explain what prospects digital technologies hold in general for India and direct the discussion to focus on its contributions to the rural India in particular. Explain how it can help the bridge gaps by providing ‘e’ and ‘m’ services. Discuss various offerings that ICT makes to the rural India – With respect to empowerment, enablement, market expansion etc. Comment on the Government steps to provide e-aid to farmers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. Why it is important to integrate National and International agricultural markets? Examine and also discuss the purpose of APMC Act and related Issues.(250 words)

Reference:  arthapedia.in

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper III. It focuses on importance of integrating National and International agricultural markets, examine also the Purpose of APMC Act and the related Issues.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of integrating National and International agricultural, markets, also examine the purpose of APMC Act and related Issues.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present in short the importance of agri markets in the rural regions of India.

Body:

To start with explain the purpose of APMC act, discuss the shortcomings of APMC in the past, and explain the model of APMC. Comment on the importance of integrating National and International agricultural markets. List out the concerns and challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct,

6. Many European countries have prescribed ethical codes for public servants whereas India has prescribed codes of conduct for them. What reasons can account for this difference of approach? Analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  James S. Bowman, From Codes of Conduct to Codes of Ethics: The ASPA case

All India Services Conduct Rules

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse the reasons responsible for India to have only prescribed codes of conduct for the public servants in contrary to the prescribed ethical codes for them.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain what you understand by ethical codes of conduct.

Body:

To start with explain and analyse the underlying reasons that have led to this difference of approach. Explain that Codes of ethics apply to the culture, education, and religion of a whole society. Thinking of Indian polity, we can regard the provisions included in the Directive Principles of the Constitution as forming an ethical political code. Codes of conduct generally cover an individual’s official or professional conduct. Discuss the Indian scenario of public services more elaborately, weigh the pros and cons.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of it.

 

Topic:  Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration

7. St. Thomas Aquinas argues that people can defy laws under certain circumstances. Do you agree? present your viewpoints with suitable justifications.(250 words)

Reference:  Wilbur Marshal Urban Fundamentals of Ethics: Introduction to Moral Philosophy

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I

Key demand of the question:

Explain your view points about defying law under certain circumstances. Do you agree with the viewpoints of St. Thomas Aquinas? One has to opine on the above aspect and conclude with suitable justification.

Directive:

Justify – When you are asked to justify, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the context of the question.

Body:

To start with explain the Meaning of Law in Ethics from the perspectives of St. Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas distinguishes four kinds of law: (1) eternal law; (2) natural law; (3) human law; and (4) divine law. According to St. Thomas Aquinas, law imposes an obligation on people. It makes people act or desist from acting; or it prescribes some actions and prohibits some actions. Now present your understanding with respect to the question context, present examples to justify suitably.  

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.