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Discuss the rationale of a second chamber- the Rajya Sabha in the Indian Parliament.

Topic:  Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1. Discuss the rationale of a second chamber- the Rajya Sabha in the Indian Parliament.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is based on the series of article that have been narrating the significance and rationale behind the existence of Rajya Sabha in the Indian system of Parliament.  

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the rationale behind the second chamber of the Parliament the Rajya Sabha.


Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:


Present brief history of legislature in India. The central legislature that came into being under the Government of India Act, 1919, was bicameral with a Council of States comprising 60 members and a Legislative Assembly comprising 145 members. The membership and voting norms for the Council of States were very restrictive. The Rajya Sabha came into being in 1952.


One can start by bringing out key assembly debates related to coming of Rajya Sabha into action. Present Arguments against as well as in favor of Rajya Sabha. Discuss the significance of RS; bring out the importance of Bicameralism; it is a principle that requires the consent of two differently constituted chambers of Parliament for making or changing laws. Present concerns associated if any.


Conclude with the importance that the role of RS is to represent the interests of the States as a federal chamber; and be a deliberative body holding high-quality debates on important issues.