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National Technology Day

Topics Covered: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

National Technology Day

What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Significance of the day, events that took place and implications.

Context: Since 1999, May 11 is celebrated as National Technology Day to mark India’s technological advancements.

This year, on behalf of the Ministry of Science & Technology, Technology Development Board (TBD) has organised a conference to celebrate the day. The theme of the conference is ‘Rebooting the Economy through Science, Technology and Research Translations titled RESTART’.

Significance of the day:

On May 11, 1998, India detonated three nuclear bombs in the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range.

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam lead the Indian team of scientists to successfully test-fire the Shakti-1 nuclear missile at Rajasthan’s Pokhran test range.

Two days later, the country successfully tested two more nuclear weapons as a part of the same Pokhran-II/Operation Shakti initiative. After these tests Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India a nuclear state, making it the sixth country to join the ‘nuclear club’ of nations.

Hansa 3, India’s first indigenous aircraft was first tested on the same day in 1998 in Bangalore.

Successful test firing of Trishul, a short range missile made in India, was also done on the same day.


India is currently among eight countries in the world that have a publicly known nuclear weapons programme.

In 1974, India conducted its first nuclear test, codenamed “Smiling Buddha”, at Pokhran in Rajasthan.


Prelims Link:

  1. Nuclear states around the world.
  2. What is Trishul?
  3. What is Operation Buddha?
  4. Significance of National Technology Day.

Sources: pib.