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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 May 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Migrants’ vulnerability is newly visible, but not new, do you agree? Critically analyse in the light of recent train accident of Maharashtra’s Aurangabad district.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The author talks about the Migrant issue especially the aspects of migrant vulnerability that has been an issue for longer than it is being imagined to be.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the nuances of migrant issues in India and specifically bring out the fact that the issue is not new to the country.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present in short the recent train accident that took lives of migrants.

Body:

Start by explaining the ever-increasing uncertainty about the welfare of the vulnerable sections of the society, many of whom depend on daily wages for their sustenance – the migrant workers. Discuss their woes of the past till present. Highlight with suitable examples that justify the fact that the woes are not new. Suggest solutions to address these issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and what needs to be done.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

2. India’s transformed commitment with Non-Alignment movement remains a critical forum for pursuing India’s global interest. Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The article brings to us the changing role of India’s foreign policy amidst the changing times being witnessed by the world.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of NAM and India’s crucial role in it to pursue its own interests as well as the interests of the world at large.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the current context.

Body:

To start with explain that video address by our Indian prime minister to a summit of the non-aligned nations was held recently. NAM is a relic of the Cold War, but we must also acknowledge that a new Cold War is beginning to unfold, this time between the US and China. Talk briefly about the importance of NAM in current times. Explain why India’s renewed engagement on Non-Alignment movement remains a critical forum.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India’s diplomacy during the ongoing pandemic suggests that it has been quick to recognize the changing global dynamics.  It will be imperative for India’s foreign policy to remain consistent with its renewed approach in the times to come.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Discuss the lacunae with respect to privacy concerns and transparency in administering the Aarogya Setu app, what should be the ideal way that the govt. should follow to ensure privacy is not infringed?(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The author of the article presents a critical examination of the privacy concerns associated with Aarogya Setu app.

Key demand of the question:

Explain lacunae with respect to privacy concerns and transparency in administering the Aarogya Setu app, and suggest what should be the ideal way that the govt. should follow to ensure privacy is not infringed.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the concerns that have been making news around the Aarogya Setu app.

Body:

To start with explain the loopholes with the app. It breaches the fundamental right to privacy, it must have legislative sanction. Unclear safeguards against data theft and other breaches. App not open source; raises concerns. Take hints from the article and list down the issues and concerns involved. Suggest solutions to address the problem.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

4. Discuss some of the key elements of Inclusive Growth in India while highlighting the challenges associated with it.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Economy by Uma Kapila

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Students are expected to detail upon the key elements that constitute Inclusive growth and also bring out the challenges associated with it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First define what you understand by Inclusive growth.

Body:

To start with explain the significance of inclusive growth in short. Then move on to list the key elements that constitute it; Agriculture Development Industrial Development, Environment Protection, Poverty Reduction, Employment Generation etc. elaborate on each factor as to how they lead to inclusive growth. Discuss what are the challenges associated with it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions and way ahead.

 

Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention.

5. A comprehensive cybersecurity strategy is needed to foster and sustain trust in the digital ecosystem. Elaborate.(250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express 

Why this question:

The article explains how a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy is needed to foster and sustain trust in the digital ecosystem.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the need for a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy to foster and sustain trust in the digital ecosystem of the country.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by explaining the importance of security of cyberspace for India.

Body:

To start with explain the fact that the security of cyberspace is important not only because of the actions of individual participants but because the infrastructure of cyberspace is now fundamental to the functioning of national and international security systems, trade networks, emergency services, basic communications, etc. Then move on to explain the need for a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy. List down points in favour. Bring out challenges if any.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance for India in multiple dimensions.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. COVID Pandemic related suicide incidents are routinely appearing in newspapers. Analyse and suggest remedies to address this issue.(250 words)

Reference:  ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Why this question:

The question is from the current times that are witnessing a psychological downturn amidst the Covid situation.

Key demand of the question:

One must examine from the ethical and attitudinal perspectives the context of suicides and address with solutions.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the context of the question; one can quote facts related to it.

Body:

To start with explain the possible factors and predictors of the situation. Social Isolation/distancing induce a lot of anxiety in many citizens of different country. However, the most vulnerable are those with existing mental health issues like depression and older adults living in loneliness and isolation. The looming economic crisis may create panic, mass unemployment, poverty and homelessness will possibly surge the suicide risk or drive an increase in the attempt to suicide rates in such patients. Stress, anxiety and pressure in medical healthcare professionals are at immense and at the peak. Social boycott and discrimination also added few cases to the list of COVID-19 suicides. Suggest measures to address the issue, explain what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion

7. Why do ordinary people show negative attitude towards transgender? Examine the reasons and suggest remedies to change their attitude.(250 words)

Reference:  ncbi.nlm.nih.gov 

Why this question:

The question is premised on the behavioural aspects of people in general towards the transgender in the society.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the reasons underlying the negative attitude towards the Transgender and suggest solutions to address such an attitude.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by defining who constitute transgender in the society. The term “transgender” refers to a broad range of social identities and gender presentations.

Body:

“Transgender” is an umbrella term, under which fall people who live their daily lives as the gender opposite to that which is associated with the sex they were assigned at birth (transgender men and women), including those who seek medical intervention to align their bodies with the sex associated with their gender identity (transsexual men and women); people who identify outside of the binary categorization of gender (non-binary); people who cross-dress; drag performers; and (sometimes) intersex people—all people who cross (“trans-”) gender boundaries in some way. Explain the underlying reasons for ill attitude of general people towards them. Suggest solutions to change the attitude, comment on the action that needs to be taken to induce the right attitude in public, government and other institutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.