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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 May 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Gigantic, strong and affluent buildings of Mughals were nothing but one of the means to get the legitimacy in India. Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania

Why this question:

The question is premised on the aspects of architecture and the intent of it to the empires of the time.

Key demand of the question:

Architecture provides an insight into the system of structural thought used by a society to conceptualize their world.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain the fact that Rulers use architecture as a means to represent their rule and demonstrate their power over the people they rule. In doing so, they embody the nature of their rule in plans of building and cities.

Body:

To start with explain the significance and motto behind such architecture of such scale. Depicts their power to mobilize the resources in the state, explain that they depict visual statements of their ideology of power. Such architecturally based structural thought includes an understanding of social and political Relationships. Give examples to justify such as Mughal architecture epitomized a certain political and cultural ideology – the mosques, palaces and garden served as symbol of Mughal presence and authority highlighted the social and cultural hegemony established by Mughals.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Government Budgeting. Investment models.

2. A mature PPP framework, along with a robust enabling ecosystem shall enable the Government to accomplish Nation building. comment.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Economy by Dutta and Sundaram

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the need for a mature PPP framework, along with a robust enabling ecosystem in accomplishing the goal of Nation building.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In short explain the importance of investment models in the nation building. PPP is an arrangement between government and private sector for the provision of public assets and/or public services. Public-private partnerships allow large-scale government projects, such as roads, bridges, or hospitals, to be completed with private funding

Body:

To start with explain what you understand by PPP. Explain the importance of it to the Indian economy. Explain that for a country to grow and increase its production investment is required. Private investment can be source from domestic or international market. Private investment can generate more efficiency by creating more competition, realization of economies of scale and greater flexibility than is available to the public sector. List down in detail the merits and demerits of PPP model.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to embrace PPP model to accomplish the dream of Nation building.

 

Topic:  Government Budgeting. Investment models.

3. Highlight the importance of rebuilding the village economy in the current times while throwing light on the relevance of gram Swaraj .(250 words)

Reference:  Hindustan Times 

Why this question:

The author brings out the dire need of ensuring the safety and the well-being of the poor and marginalized living in urban agglomerations in the current conditions.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of rebuilding the village economy in the current times while throwing light on the relevance of gram Swaraj.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the importance of village economies in general for the economic health of the nation.

Body:

Discuss the current situation; explain how large employment centers such as Mumbai, Delhi and Ahmedabad are struggling to contain the spread of the deadly virus. Discuss the issue of poor and migrants. Then discuss the concept of Gram Swaraj of Mahatma Gandhi and explain the applications of it in the current situation. His pioneering idea of Swaraj or self-rule emanated from the very foundation of the Indian society, its villages, and implied self-reliance. Gandhi envisioned his ideal village as a self-sufficient republic – independent of its neighbors for its own wants, and, yet, interdependent for those dependent on it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Critically analyse the gaps in the occupational health and safety that have led to failure in catering for the amount of industrial development that has occurred in India.(250 words)

Reference:  Hindustan Times 

Why this question:

In an incident that echoes with the Bhopal Gas Tragedy (1984), an accident of gas leakage took place in a plastic factory located in Andhra Pradesh’s Vizag in the wee hours of Thursday. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

Present a critical examination of the gaps in the occupational health and safety that have led to failure in catering for the amount of industrial development that has occurred in India.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In short highlight the context of the question.

Body:

Start by explaining what you understand by occupational health and safety. An occupational hazard is a hazard experienced in the workplace. Occupational hazards can encompass many types of hazards, including chemical hazardsbiological hazards (biohazards), psychosocial hazards, and physical hazards. Chemical hazards are a subtype of occupational hazards that involve dangerous chemicals. Exposure to chemicals in the workplace can cause acute or long-term detrimental health effects. There are many classifications of hazardous chemicals, including neurotoxins, immune agents, dermatologic agents, carcinogens, reproductive toxins, systemic toxins, asthmagens, pneumoconiotic agents, and sensitizers. Then discuss the gaps in the existing policies dedicated to handle these hazards.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions and solutions.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5. Mental health is not a priority area for policy makers even today, in this context account for the economic aspects of mental health.(250 words)

Reference:  Hindustan Times

Why this question:

The author talks about the need to recognise mental health as a key determinant in controlling the aspects of economy in the near future and the need for urgently recognising it.

Key demand of the question:

Explain why the policy makers often tend to ignore Mental health as a key parameter in determining the overall health of the nation. Bring out the economic aspects of mental health in detail.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly importance of mental health in general.

Body:

Explain the current situation; the effect of Corona pandemic on the mental health of the entire country. Despite it being a proven point that, there are definite gains by investing in mental health and we can make a measurable difference, unfortunately the investment on mental health continues to be substantially low worldwide. One must discuss the burden due to mental illness, costs of mental illness, and consequences of mental illness on the labour market, with emphasis on current scenario in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the situation. The negative economic consequences of mental illness greatly exceed the costs of treatment. Thus it is important to treat mental illness.

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. The environmental values and the economic values often seem to be contradictory to each other. However, in the long term, only the integration of both the values can bring the well-being for the humankind. Elucidate.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is premised on the fact that environmental values and the economic values must go hand in hand in order to achieve the well-being of humankind.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance and need for integration of environmental values and the economic values.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Economic expansion of human being has been seen as a challenge to the ecology and environment right from the ancient age.

Body:

Explain the given statement with suitable example. Debate between environment and economic value. need an integrated approach to human development by adopting means such as -Development of renewable energy, Development of environmental rule of law etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need for the integration of the two.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. What do you understand by “lateral entry”? elucidate upon the merits and challenges associated with it.(250 words)

Reference:  Governance by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based on the evaluation of lateral entry in public administration.

Key demand of the question:

The question is pretty much straightforward, one has to explain the concept of lateral entry and bring out the merits and demerits.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Lateral entry aims to attract technically proficient and public spirited individuals with domain expertise to contribute to the task of nation building.

Body:

To start with discuss the concept of Lateral entry. List down the merits and demerits in detail, suggest examples to justify better. Comment on the need to institutionalize the framework for lateral recruitment to bring about objectivity and remove discretion.

Conclusion:

Conclude that thus lateral entry while aims at enabling induction of fresh perspective and technical capacities at higher levels, should not lead to compromise of basic public service values like integrity and honesty.