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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 7 May 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Why were the teachings of Buddhism an appealing alternative to Hinduism for people in lower castes? Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  un.org

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , ‘Vesak’, the Day of the Full Moon in the month of May, is being observed by United Nations on May 7, 2020. It is also known as Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse as to why the teachings of Buddhism were an appealing alternative to Hinduism for people in lower castes.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the coming of Buddhism as a religious doctrine.

Body:

Buddhism started in India over 2,600 years ago as a way life that had a potential of transforming a person. The religion is based upon the teachings, life experiences of its founder Siddhartha Gautama, born in circa 563 BCE. At first it was said that Buddhism was more appealing to lower castes since it stated that the path to salvation could be attained in this life. Buddhism’s individual outlook and disregard for the caste system in attaining enlightenment were appealing to people in lower castes.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance and relevance of Buddhism in today’s times.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

2.  Discuss the prospects and possibilities along with the concerns involved in realizing the goal of virtual judiciary in the country.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu Indian Express

Why this question:

The article evaluates the advantages of adopting a system of virtual judiciary in tax cases.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the prospects and possibilities along with the concerns involved in realizing the goal of virtual judiciary in the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what a virtual Judiciary means.

Body:

To start with explain the fact that in the present nationwide lockdown imposed to contain the spread of COVID-19, it has become clear that many activities can be done online. Present detailed Arguments in favour of a virtual judiciary system such as Speedy disposal of cases, Ease of legal access etc. Discuss the associated challenges such as the technology expanse, limitations etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:   Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

3.  Deliberate upon the impact of the ongoing pandemic in changing dynamics of global value chain (GVC)? Suggest as to how Indian industries should behave post-pandemic situation. (250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times 

Why this question:

The article talks about the impact of the ongoing pandemic in changing dynamics of global value chain (GVC) and the way forward for the Indian industries.

Key demand of the question:

Deliberate upon the impact of the ongoing pandemic in changing dynamics of global value chain (GVC) and highlight the role that Indian industries should play in the post-pandemic situation.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the fact that the manufacturing and production ecosystem of the world is undergoing massive changes.

Body:

To start with explain that the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has sent shock waves floating up and down GVCs. Unlike the previous epidemics, this public health threat is very unique, and increasingly becoming an economic threat. The hard-hit sectors in this pandemic are precision instruments, machinery, automotive and communication equipment. Present the case of Indian industries. Explain what needs to be done, suggest solutions to address the above challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the reconfiguration of GVCs will be the key imperatives for businesses and policy makers in the coming future to ensure a global sustainable market.

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

4. In the age of globalization and FDI, what are the compelling reasons to think about Domestic Resource Mobilization? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian economy by Dutta and Sundaram

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I and based on the theme of mobilisation of resources.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the need and importance of domestic resource mobilisation in the days of globalisation and FDI.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by Domestic Resource Mobilization.

Body:

To start with explain that in low-income countries confronting widespread poverty, mobilizing domestic resources is particularly challenging, which has led developing countries to rely on foreign aid, foreign direct investment, export earnings and other external resources. Nevertheless, there are compelling reasons to give much more emphasis to DRM; vital to elevating economic growth, accelerating poverty reduction and underpinning sustained development, more congruent with domestic ownership than external resources etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of it in the contemporary world.

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

5.  Do you think that that the Government’s step to divert rice for the production of ethanol is a just decision while the poor are leaving hand to mouth in the country? Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The Union government had on Monday approved that surplus rice available with FCI can be used for converting into ethanol to manufacture alcohol-based hand sanitizers and also for blending with petrol. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One has to debate over the fact that should India, a country with rampant poverty, hunger, and malnutrition, use food grains for making ethanol.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the context of the question.

Body:

One can start deliberating on the fact and justify that diverting rice to produce ethanol during pandemic is unethical. Such diversion of food crops to produce biofuel was considered one of the reasons for the rise in food prices globally. Corn and other grain are also used in feedstock for poultry and cattle and is hence part of the food economy.  It potentially deprives food to humans as well as livestock. At a time when there are fears of a steep fall in national income, a rise in unemployment, and an increase in food inflation due to supply bottlenecks, it is imperative that food security and food price stability be given the highest priority. Highlight the concerns point by point and discuss positives if any.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced answer.

 

Topic:  Disaster and disaster management.

6. Is the Disaster Management Act, 2005, ill-suited to be the main economic law of the country? Analyse the need for a pandemic law in the current situation facing the world.(250 words)

Reference:  Business Standard 

Why this question:

The author of the article discusses the lacunae in the DMA 2005 from the economic perspectives. And he highlights the need of a Pandemic Act in future.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the need for a pandemic law in the coming future, analyse the gaps in the Disaster management act 2005.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present brief description of the current situation.

Body:

To start with explain the role of disaster management act, 2005 in the current pandemic situation. Discuss why the economic perspectives are missing in the DMA 2005. Explain the need for pandemic law in the coming future.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7.  Buddha’s teachings have never been more relevant than in the current times for a world looking for peace, harmony and sustainability. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Buddha Purnima day being celebrated worldwide today.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the relevance of Buddha’s teachings in contemporary times; its importance in peace, harmony and sustainability.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the coming of Buddhism in India, the contributions of Buddha.

Body:

“Buddha” denotes one who as attained enlightenment and had a sense of awakening to build a peaceful, harmonious and just society. Explain how the current crisis is an apt time to revisit his teachings, which can be a guiding light for a world looking for peace, harmony and sustainability. The ongoing COVID pandemic bears testimony to the fact that the complexities of the modern world carry with them more uncertainties and crises. The threats of bioterrorism, climate change, global warming, radicalism, extremism, etc., are shaking the conscience of humanity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.