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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 May 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

1. Discuss the prospects and problems of Aluminum industry in India in the current times.(250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express 

Why this question:

The article talks about the impact that the COVID-19 crisis has made on the metal industry in general and aluminum industry in particular.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the prospects and problems of Aluminum industry in India in the current times.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present in short an overview of Aluminium industry in India. The aluminium sector contributes to nearly 2 percent of manufacturing GDP.

Body:

To start with explain the expanse and spread of the Industry in the country, use maps to pictorially depict the width and breadth across the country. Discuss the prospects of it in general and specific ones in the current covid-19 crisis times. Highlight the China factor; the slowdown owing to COVID-19 situation. Talk about the associated challenges; suggest solutions to address the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and end on a positive note that aluminium Industry are generally based in the hinterlands of the country and aid in generating peripheral employment and economic development of the region. It is a direct and an indirect employment multiplier creating close to 800,000 jobs.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein

2. Relying exclusively on the local bureaucracy for last mile delivery has been the bane of administration, examine the essential role of local governance in ensuring effective and efficient public delivery.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The author in the article brings out the importance of local governance and devolution to the grassroots and the role it plays in ensuring effective and efficient public delivery.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significance of grassroots empowerment in ensuring effective and efficient public delivery in the country.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the importance of local governance in general in the country.

Body:

To start with explain the role of local bureaucracy in the public administration.

Talk about the “confrontational federalism” that has characterized the Centre’s relations with the states in the current situation. Discuss the need to address the concerns, explain that the situation demands element of “cooperative federalism” to be incorporated in full spirit. Highlight the importance of devolution of power in bringing last mile connectivity and ensuring effective and efficient public delivery.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to focus in further devolution to the panchayats and municipalities in keeping with the constitutional obligations under the 73rd and 74th amendments.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

3. Discuss the technological, sociocultural, regulatory, legal and ethical issues involved in leveraging AI in the healthcare industry of the country. (250 words)

Reference:  Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare- Yojana May edition 2020

Why this question:

The question is from the May edition of the magazine – Yojana.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to discuss the technological, sociocultural, regulatory, legal and ethical issues involved in leveraging AI in the healthcare industry of the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain AI, its components.

Body:

One must outlines the opportunities for Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology within the Indian Healthcare sector. Then move on to illustrate some of the many challenges from the wider adoption of AI based solutions. Elucidate the use of AI for the current COVID-19 situation and potential exponential spread amongst the population.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

4.  Discuss the critical role being played by Food Corporation of India in countering the challenges posed by COVID-19.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The article presents the FCI’s role in the pandemic crisis.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the critical role being played by Food Corporation of India in countering the challenges posed by COVID-19.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present a brief background of FCI and its functions.

Body:

The Food Corporation of India (FCI) has been set up under the Food Corporations Act 1964. In the initial decades of its inception, the FCI was praised for being at the forefront of India’s quest for self-sufficiency in rice and wheat following the Green Revolution, managing procurement and stocking grains that supported a vast Public Distribution System (PDS). Then move onto explain the role of FCI in the ongoing pandemic crisis.

Conclusion:

Conclude with strategies for the FCI(take hints from the article) which would enable it to more effectively play its role in countering the challenges posed by COVID-19.

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

5. Discuss the importance and role of MSMEs in the Indian Economy.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The article brings out the fact that Medium, Small & Micro Enterprises have been the focus of the government’s relief package and in what way they are worst hit, thus forcing us to ponder upon importance and role of MSMEs in the Indian Economy.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the importance and role of MSMEs in the Indian Economy.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define briefly MSMEs.

Body:

To start with explain the fact that MSMEs are worst hit. In India, capital is scarce and labour abundant. MSMEs are thought to have lower capital-output and capital-labour ratios than large-scale industries, and therefore, better serve growth and employment objectives.  MSMEs are instruments of inclusive growth which touch upon the lives of the most vulnerable and marginalized. Explain the role of MSMEs in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6.  “Rule of law” does not imply a “law of rules”, Discuss the above statement with the help of relevant examples in the context of public administration.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is about differentiating rule of law from the law of rules from an ethical perspective.

Key demand of the question:

Compare and contrast the two and differentiate them by applying to the context of public administration.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define the two phrases – “Rule of law” and “law of rules” separately.

Body:

Rule of Law means that the supreme authority must be granted to Law – which implies that Law should dictate upon what terms like justice, liberty, equality and fraternity must mean and lay down standards for judgments for citizens. A Law of Rules on the other hand would mean the rigidity of the fine line of rules that must be adhered to in order to set a thing into motion; rules are made to support the higher principles of Law and must be used in assistance of furthering the Rule of Law. Give examples to explain the interrelation better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance in public administration.

 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. “Acknowledging and correcting a mistake is an essential element of ethical journalism”, in the context of the statement throw light on ethical Journalism.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I

Key demand of the question:

The article from The Hindu talks about the importance of acknowledging and correcting mistakes in journalism.

Directive:

Throw light – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present briefly the importance of ethics in Journalism.

Body:

Explain that professional integrity is the cornerstone of a journalist’s credibility and that it is quintessential to follow the principles of ethical journalism such as – Journalism’s first obligation is to the truth, Its first loyalty is to citizens, Its essence is a discipline of verification etc. Journalistic ethics are the common values that guide reporters. They lay out both the aspirations and obligations that journalists, editors, and others working in the field should follow to execute their work responsibly. Use a case study or example to bring out the need and necessity to Acknowledge and correct a mistake in journalism.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting importance of Ethics in Journalism.