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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 May 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

1.  Analyze the significance of organisations like World Bank, ADB and NDB, in the developmental process of countries like India.(250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times 

Why this question:

The Asian Development Bank unveiled a $1.5 billion Covid-19 package for India recently, thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

On has to analyse the role of organisations like World Bank, ADB and NDB, in the developmental process of countries like India.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by highlighting significance of global financial institutions in general.

Body:

Briefly explain the coming of and the proliferation of multilateral development banks across the world. Since 1945 the number of multilateral development banks (MDBs) has increased at a linear rate, with approximately one new MDB created every three years. Explain the causative factors responsible for creation of these institutions. Discuss the benefits and advantages they bring to the developing countries like that of India. Highlight the challenges associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of these multilateral development banks (MDBs).

 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle —  its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. Ambedkar and Gandhi had distinctive approach towards depressed classes though fundamentally they aimed at social -economic emancipation of classes. Comment.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

International Labor Day is celebrated on May 1 to honor workers. Labor has an undeniable role in shaping the nation’s fortune. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the role played by Dr B R Ambedkar and Gandhiji in bringing social-economic emancipation of classes, one has to explain and analyse how the two were different in their approaches though their end goal was the same.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by explaining the importance of social -economic emancipation of classes.

Body:

One must compare and contrast the approaches of the two mass leaders in ensuring social -economic emancipation of classes. Highlight points like while Mahatma Gandhi’s efforts were mainly spiritual and religious in character, Dr. Ambedkar’s efforts were mainly political and legal in character. Ambedkar has been hailed as the emancipator of the depressed classes in the country He dominated the Indian political scene during the most crucial time when India was going through a series of political crises. He secured the important rights and liberties to the under-privileged in the country. Discuss the contributions of the two in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with fair and balanced conclusion; highlighting the importance of the contributions of both leaders to the Indian society.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3. Can e-learning replace conventional classroom learning and guarantee greater access and success in education? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

With India under lockdown in its desperate attempt to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, there is anxiety with respect to academics particularly among the graduating batches of students. This editorial analyses whether digital forms of learning are effective for Higher Educational Institutions and courses.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the nuances associated with online learning and compare it with the conventional learning methods, present both advantages and disadvantages and provide for a detailed analysis.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In short, start by explaining the sudden rise in the demand for e-learning amidst the present lockdown conditions.

Body:

To start with explain first the transition to virtual modes of learning from the conventional modes. Explain the difference between the two; compare and contrast. Highlight the specific concerns. List down the Limitations of online learning with respect to Education system.

Conclusion:

Conclude that before making decisive inferences it is necessary to think deeply and gather research-based evidence on the extent to which online education can be deployed to help enhance the access and success rates.

 

Topic:  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Role of civil services in a democracy.

4. How successful Indian polity has been in maintaining communal harmony in the state? Debate.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) has downgraded India to the lowest ranking, “countries of particular concern” (CPC) in its 2020 report.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the scenario of communal harmony in the country, highlight the role being played by Indian polity and bring out the challenges therein.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present brief context of the question.

Body:

To start with explain that Indian polity is a system that is spreading knowledge among people about equal rights for everyone in the country. Communal harmony is maintained by the secular way that means treating all religions in same way and it allows no intervention by the government in religious principles. Highlight the recent incidents across the country that portrayed ill side of the religious violence. The article brings to us the fact that it’s time for India to protect its freedoms, and come down heavily on religious violence. Explain it in detail and address the dimensions asked for in the question.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions and suggest what should be the way forward.

 

Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

5. Do you think the recently amended FDI regulation by the Government of India challenges the scope of World Trade Organization? Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express 

Why this question:

 India recently amended its FDI policy by subjecting investments from countries with which it shares a land border to screening under the approval route and making them ineligible under the automatic route. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the scope of recent FDI policy amendments and analyse if these changes challenge the scope of WTO.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present brief background to the context.

Body:

Bring out the concerns brought to fore by the recent FDI policy amendments. Although none of the WTO agreements directly seek to regulate it, some contain provisions that may have implications for foreign investment. One such agreement is the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Talk about the GATS, concept of most favored nation (MFN) treatment etc. Bring out the challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. Discuss the long standing issues with respect to Intellectual property  enforcement and protection in India, suggest solutions to address the same.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

India continues to be on the ‘Priority Watch List’ of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) for lack of adequate intellectual property (IP) rights protection and enforcement, the USTR said in its Annual Special 301 Report. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the long standing issues with respect to Intellectual property  enforcement and protection in India, suggest solutions to address the same

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present brief description of the current IP regime in the country.

Body:

To start with explain the facts pointed out by the report; India remained one of the most challenging economies for IP enforcement and protection. While India made “meaningful progress” to enhance IP protection and enforcement in some areas over the past year, it did not resolve recent and long-standing challenges, and created new ones.

  • Discuss the concerns pointed out such as – innovators being able to receive, maintain and enforce patents particularly in the pharmaceutical sector;
  • Concerns over copyright laws not incentivizing the creation and commercialization of content; and an outdated trade secrets framework.

Suggest solutions to these issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

7. “A realisation of complete human beings is essential on part of government to deal with migrant workers”, in this context, analyse the issues being faced by migrants and suggest solutions to address them.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is based on the issues being faced by the migrant workers and the need for a sturdy social policy design dedicated for them.

Key demand of the question:

Explain first the issues being faced by the migrant workers and then suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain the shades of the question context.

Body:

To start with explain the role played by the invisible hands; migrants workers in the economy. Discuss on the challenges being faced by migrants in Normal and pandemic times. Explain the need for a social policy designed that provides socioeconomic Rights and complete humanly treatment to the migrant workers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.