Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
3. Can e-learning replace conventional classroom learning and guarantee greater access and success in education? Critically analyse.(250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
With India under lockdown in its desperate attempt to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, there is anxiety with respect to academics particularly among the graduating batches of students. This editorial analyses whether digital forms of learning are effective for Higher Educational Institutions and courses.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the nuances associated with online learning and compare it with the conventional learning methods, present both advantages and disadvantages and provide for a detailed analysis.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
In short, start by explaining the sudden rise in the demand for e-learning amidst the present lockdown conditions.
To start with explain first the transition to virtual modes of learning from the conventional modes. Explain the difference between the two; compare and contrast. Highlight the specific concerns. List down the Limitations of online learning with respect to Education system.
Conclude that before making decisive inferences it is necessary to think deeply and gather research-based evidence on the extent to which online education can be deployed to help enhance the access and success rates.