Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
5. What do you understand by Genome Sequencing? Discuss the various efforts by India in this regard and how will it lead to precision medicine and develop its commercial gene testing services? (250 words)
Reference : Indian Express
Why this question:
The ongoing analysis of the gene sequences of the novel coronavirus has so far not revealed anything to suggest that the virus present in India is in any way different from that circulating in other parts of the world. There is also no evidence, as of now, of any one particular strain of the virus being more deadly than the other, scientists have said.
Key demand of the question:
The question is straightforward; one must explain the concept of what is genome sequencing and in what way it will help in precision medicine and commercial gene testing services.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain the context of the question.
Explain first what is whole genome sequencing? Discuss the various efforts taken by the Government of India in this regard. Explain the challenges involved.
Conclude with significance of such a project.