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What are Zoonotic diseases? Examine the challenges posed by it in India? How should India gear itself to deal with this challenge.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. What are Zoonotic diseases? Examine the challenges posed by it in India? How should India gear itself to deal with this challenge. (250 words)

Reference : The Print 

Why this question

The coronavirus onslaught has presented an unprecedented challenge for India in scale and expanse, but there are other viral diseases that the country battles year to year. One such disease is the monkey fever, which originated in Karnataka and peaks as the summer begins. It is a zoonosis like the novel coronavirus, which means it reached humans via an animal carrier.

Key demand of the question

Following points are to be brought out in your answer

What are zoonotic diseases

How they are a huge health risk – apart from the obvious fact that they can lead to loss of significant no of lives, what other factors exacerbates the risk

How India deals with these diseases and the changes required

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . In the above case, discuss points as highlighted above.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

explain zoonotic diseases along with some current examples to establish the scare on account of zoonotic diseases.

Body

How they are a huge health risk – apart from the obvious fact that they can lead to loss of significant no of lives, what other factors exacerbates the risk. Explain points like ecosystem changes brought about, no vaccination etc

How we deal with such diseases, highlight our experience in dealing with Zika scare and now Nipah scare.

Examine how can we improve our handling of these diseases – virology centres, border screening, awareness etc

Conclusion:

Mention that it is important to take proactive action, rather than reactive in this case as the health cost of an outbreak will be immense.