Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
6. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent countrywide lockdown to prevent its transmission have variedly impacted the Indian Maoists. Critically examine. (250 words)
Why this question:
the lockdown has certainly increased Maoists’ desperation to meet their demands of food supplies and other essentials. Maoists, all across the left wing extremism (LWE)-affected states, primarily procure their rations and other essential commodities through a network of aides from village-level haat bazaars (weekly markets). With haat bazaars being temporarily shut, they are reportedly facing acute shortage of food supplies. Also, since the entire economic and construction activities have been grounded in these areas to ensure the efficacy of the lockdown, the Maoists’ finances have taken a beating given that extortions from contractors, mining industry, truck drivers, etc., formed a major part of their finances.
Key demand of the question
One needs to examine the how the COVID-19 lockdown has halted the finances and other support system to the Maoists, leading to increased pressure on the villagers nearby. Also one needs to talk about how this has led to variations in the form of attacks as seen in Sukma recently, while a faction of Naxals have apparently called for truce with the government authorities.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer
In a few introductory lines briefly discuss the COVID-19 lockdown across nation and how it has affected the supplies of goods and services across the nation to one and all.
The question must discuss the following points:
- How the naxals are affected due to the lockdown and breakage in supply of goods and services.
- The ramifications of the same in the form of attacks on the security forces, threats on the local villagers, headmen of village , exploiting the villagers for meeting their ends etc.
- Also on the other hand, how a faction of naxals are calling for a truce with the government.
Also discuss why there is a need to remain cautious with respect to internal security and measures to attain the same.
Give a balanced way forward.