Topics Covered: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
Chief Vigilance Commissioner (CVC)
What to study?
For Prelims: CVC- eligibility, appointment and removal.
For Mains: Corruption- issues, challenges and ways to prevent.
Context: Sanjay Kothari appointed as Central Vigilance Commissioner by President.
It is the apex vigilance institution created via executive resolution (based on the recommendations of Santhanam committee) in 1964 but was conferred with statutory status in 2003.
It submits its report to the President of India.
The Commission was set up on the recommendation of the K.Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption.
Consists of central vigilance commissioner along with 2 vigilance commissioners.
They are appointed by the President of India on the recommendations of a committee consisting of Prime Minister, Union Home Minister and Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha (if there is no LoP then the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha).
Their term is 4 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier.
The Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner can be removed from his office only by order of the President on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity after the Supreme Court, on a reference made to it by the President, has, on inquiry, reported that the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner, as the case may be, ought to be removed.