Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
4. Do you think BRICS grouping can fill the void in global governance in the time of crisis the world is facing currently? Examine.(250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The article talks about the role of BRICS amidst the current crisis facing the world.
Key demand of the question:
One must explain the potential of BRICS to emerge as an important global governance institution.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the background that the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted a crisis of globalization and global governance.
Explain the relevance of BRICS in the present times. Discuss the possible opportunities that the BRICS has in presenting global response to the current crisis. BRICS looks better than other global governance institutions amidst the ongoing COVID crises. There is no blame-game or pointing fingers within BRICS, rather, there is a vision for intensifying cooperation, including in sectors like healthcare and social welfare. Contrary to initial estimates of lack of effectiveness of the BRICS grouping, BRICS has progressed on developing a common position on the most important matters of the global economy and security and it also got institutionalized with the setting up of the BRICS New Development Bank in 2015. Explain the challenges that the BRICS nations have before them.
Conclude with a positive note.