Topics Covered: Issues related to health.
Classical swine fever
What to study?
For Prelims: About CSF, symptoms and prevention, the new vaccine.
For Mains: Significance and the need for new vaccines.
Context: More than 1,300 pigs have died across five districts of eastern Assam of classical swine fever.
What is Classical Swine Fever (CSF)?
Hog Cholera or Classical swine fever (CSF) is a contagious viral disease of domestic and wild swine.
- It happens due to the viruses that bring viral diarrhea in pigs and ailments in sheep.
- The disease does not harm humansbut all-important precautions are advised to follow.
Concerns for India:
- Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is one of the biggest pigs’ diseases in India. It causes a loss of about 400 crores of rupees per year in India. This has led to a decrease in the population of pigs in 2019.
- India currently requires 22 million doses of the CSF (Classical Swine Fever) vaccine every year. However, currently, only 1.2 million doses are being produced. The reason behind its less production is that only 50 doses can be prepared from the spleen of a rabbit.
Sources: the Hindu.