Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
1. The migrant workers’ plight during the lockdown has exposed the inadequacies of the legal safeguards available to them. Analyse.(250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
Seasonal migration is an important issue of our time and the COVID-19 crisis has brought the issue of migration to the centre stage of public discourse. The migrant workers’ plight during the lockdown has exposed the inadequacies of the Inter-State Migrant Workmen Act, 1979.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the loopholes and lacunae in the legal safeguards available to the migrant workers in the country; suggest what needs to be done to address the situation.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly discuss who constitute migrant workers; what the provisions available to them are.
To start with, explain the concerns associated with the very definition of migrant workers in the Inter-State Migrant Workmen Act, 1979. Discuss various legal provisions and framework available to them. Hint towards policies that were directed specifically for them yet had loopholes. Suggest measures to address the issue.
Conclude with way forward.