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Name and describe the theories of right action.

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. Name and describe the theories of right action.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of ‘Right Action’.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the various theories relating to the concept of right action in ethics.

Directive:

Describe – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Right actions are the ones that produce the greatest satisfaction of the preferences of the affected persons.

Body:

To start with, explain the significance of right action. Name the different theories propounded by ethical and moral thinkers. Explain – Utilitarian Theory of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, Duty Ethics of Kant etc. Discuss that Right actions are the ones that produce the greatest satisfaction of the preferences of the affected persons. Highlight the advantages and disadvantages.

Conclusion:

Conclude with relevance of such a concept even in contemporary times.