Topics Covered: Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Global Report on Food Crises
What to study?
For Prelims: Key findings, about the global network.
For Mains: Concerns expressed, ways to address them.
Context: A new edition of the annual Global Report on Food Crises has been released by the Global Network Against Food Crises.
The report reveals scope of food crises as COVID-19 poses new risks to vulnerable countries.
- At the close of 2019, 135 million people across 55 countries and territories experienced acute food insecurity.
- Additionally, in 2019, 183 million people were classified in Stressed condition — at the cusp of acute hunger and at risk of slipping into Crisis or worse if faced with a shock or stressor, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Worst hit areas: More than half (73 million) of the 135 million people covered by the report live in Africa; 43 million live in the Middle East and Asia; 18.5 million live in Latin America and the Caribbean.
- The key drivers behind the trends analysed in the report were: conflict, (the key factor that pushed 77 million people into acute food insecurity), weather extremes (34 million people) and economic turbulence (24 million).
What is Acute food insecurity?
- Acute food insecurity is when a person’s inability to consume adequate food puts their lives or livelihoods in immediate danger.
- It is more severe than / not the same as chronic hunger, as reported on each year by the UN’s annual State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report.
Chronic hunger is when a person is unable to consume enough food over an extended period to maintain a normal, active lifestyle.
About the Global Network against Food Crises:
It was launched by the European Union, FAO and WFP during the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) to respond to the WHS’s call for new approaches to tackle protracted crises and recurrent disasters, reduce vulnerability, and manage risk, by bridging the divide between development and humanitarian partners.
- What is WFP?
- Composition and objectives of FAO.
- EU vs Eurozone.
- What is World Humanitarian Summit (WHS)?
- Who Launched Global Network Against Food Crises?
Sources: the Hindu.