Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
2. Non-Governmental Organisations often play the role of a Social Safety-Valve, however there aren’t free of challenges. Elucidate.(250 words)
Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant
Why this question:
The question is with reference to the key role played by NGOs in the society.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in what way NGOs play the role of safety valve and also explain the possible challenges they face.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
In short explain what NGOs are. NGOs refers to not-for-profit organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development.
Explain the key role played by NGOs in general. Discuss their need; explain that Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) act as the operational arm of the civil society and thus have an important role in the development processes. Non-profit organisations play vital role in mobilizing public attention to societal problems and needs. They are the principal vehicle through which communities can give voice to their concerns. Discuss the issues and challenges associated.
Conclude with way forward.