Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate. Disaster and disaster management.
5. In the backdrop of the criticism of the World Health Organization’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, discuss the role of WHO in global health efforts and the inherent challenges faced by it while suggesting measures to empower it.(250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The article explain How the American President’s suspension of funds to the World Health Organization in the middle of a pandemic impact its work. Thus the context of the question.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the role of WHO in global health efforts and the inherent challenges faced by it and also suggest measures to empower it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the background of the question.
To start with, explain that The U.S. President has criticized World Health Organization (WHO) for its handling of the COVID-19 Pandemic and has alleged that the organisation was “very China centric”. The WHO has been accused of mismanaging the COVID-19 crisis and failing to vet information and share it in a timely and transparent manner. Discuss the role of WHO in global health efforts. List down the criticism of WHO’s handling of the Pandemic. Present the counter arguments if any. Suggest measures to address its challenges.
Conclude that WHO would have to work with its partners to fill any financial gaps that arise to ensure that its work continues uninterrupted.