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The period between 1780 and 1800 marked an important transition in trading order in India. Analyse.

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. “The period between 1780 and 1800, marked an important transition in trading order in India. Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Modern Indian history by Spectrum Publications

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in what way the period of 1780-1800 marked key transitions in the Indian trade order.


AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:


Start with facts such as – The post 1780 situation saw the growing influence of the Calcutta and Bombay trading ports and their impact upon the adjacent hinterland economies.


To start with, explain The imperatives of Company trade, constituted a very important but not an exclusive determinant of the country’s trading economy Explain that The realignment of merchant and market networks In the last decades of the eighteenth century were as much in response to the emerging colonial factor as they were to indigenous stimuli that came in the wake of the new balance of power that the presence of the Maratha Confederacy and other regional polities like those of Hyderabad, Mysore and even the Punjab represented. List down all factors precisely.


Conclude with significance to the Indian history.