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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 April 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. “The period between 1780 and 1800, marked an important transition in trading order in India. Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Modern Indian history by Spectrum Publications

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in what way the period of 1780-1800 marked key transitions in the Indian trade order.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with facts such as – The post 1780 situation saw the growing influence of the Calcutta and Bombay trading ports and their impact upon the adjacent hinterland economies.

Body:

To start with, explain The imperatives of Company trade, constituted a very important but not an exclusive determinant of the country’s trading economy Explain that The realignment of merchant and market networks In the last decades of the eighteenth century were as much in response to the emerging colonial factor as they were to indigenous stimuli that came in the wake of the new balance of power that the presence of the Maratha Confederacy and other regional polities like those of Hyderabad, Mysore and even the Punjab represented. List down all factors precisely.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance to the Indian history.

 

Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. Discuss the concept of ‘Cillage’. How does it help and aid the policy makers rework relationship between city and village? Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The author of the article presents the idea of ‘Cillage’ and its relevance.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of Cillage in detail and explain in what way it can aid the policy makers rework relationship between city and village.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what a Cillage is.

Body:

Firstly, explain the concept of Cillage in detail. Explain that we are now in the knowledge era. And knowledge-era technologies, in contrast to industrial-era technologies, promote democratization (social media, for example) and facilitate decentralisation (work from home) and that is where the concept of Cillage originates. With technologies like additive manufacture, internet of things, and artificial intelligence, well-trained people can address needs in both urban and rural areas from wherever they are. Developing a “cillage” ecosystem would need a rooted and integrated approach to holistic education and research, technology development and management, as well as technology-enabled rural livelihood enhancement.

Conclusion:

Conclude with potential of such a model to address the current population issues of the country.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3.  What are the objectives of National Renewal fund? Do you think it’s time move ahead of NRF to bring back the economic stability of the country? Analyse (250 words)

Reference:  Business Standard 

Why this question:

The article brings to us the purpose and utility of the National Renewal Fund in the current times and the need to move ahead of it.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the key objectives of National Renewal Fund and analyse as to why it is time move ahead of NRF to bring back the economic stability of the country.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly set the context of the question.

Body:

  • To start with, explain what NRF is.
  • Context – it is time to move ahead with National Renewal fund to bring back the economic stability of the country.
  • Discuss the objectives – The main objective of the National Renewal Fund was to provide a social safety net to the workers who are likely to be affected by technological up-gradation and modernisation in the Indian industry.
  • Highlight its present status – The National Renewal Fund was abolished by the government in 2000 and administration of the VRS scheme was shifted to Department of Public Enterprises (DPE), instead of DIPP from fiscal year 2001-02.
  • Explain why NRF was abolished? – The reason for abolishing NRF was that most of the payments under this were made for VRS and this fund did not serve adequately the purpose of retraining and rehabilitation. Further, private sector was also listed as one of the beneficiaries of the NRF, but later it was felt that this fund should deal exclusively with the public sector units only.

Conclusion:

Discuss what should be the way forward.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4.  Is it possible to use the ongoing  Coronavirus crisis to affect permanent reforms in public procurement system ? give your opinion with suitable justification.(250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express 

Why this question:

The article highlights the need for reforms in the PPS in the current times of the pandemic.

Key demand of the question:

Explain why and in what way can the public procurement system  can be reformed to better utilize the available resources.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the context of the question.

Body:

To start with, define Public procurement and its significance to the Indian setup. Explain that since significant production is at a standstill, the state should harness industrial units to deliver emergency supplies and utilize stranded private sector human resources too where needed. Take cues from the article and explain in detail the significance of such a move.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Analyse the impact of Corona virus pandemic on the Indian Pharma sector.(250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why this question:

The article brings to us a detailed narration of the effects of ongoing pandemic on the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the challenges and opportunities pertaining to India’s pharmaceutical industry.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state the ongoing crisis across the country owing to the pandemic onset.

Body:

The question is pretty much straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate. Bring out the impact of the pandemic on the pharma industry – explain first the stress it puts on the resources of the industry, then move onto explain the avenue that it provides to Indian pharma sector to establish its global footprint.

Conclusion:

Conclude amidst all negativities it brings the Pharma Industry a chance to become a remarkable industry in the world.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Awareness in the fields of IT

6. “Digital India vision of the government is emerging as a vital instrument for solving the present crisis facing the education system due to Covid-19”.Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why this question:

The author narrates upon the significance of the Digital India mission and its vision amidst the Corona crisis.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail how Digital India vision of the government is emerging as a vital instrument for solving the present crisis facing the education system due to Covid-19.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the ongoing crisis in a line or two.

Body:

To start with, explain the effect of the pandemic on t education system; the effect of lockdown, leading to denial of access to schools and classrooms etc. Explain then the vision of Digital India mission. Discuss how the government’s mission is now coming into action and helping the education system sustain the shocks of pandemic.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what lies ahead with digital india mission and its utility in the education system of the country.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Cases study

7. You are posted as the Deputy Commissioner (Assessment) of Income-Tax at a Tier-II city that is fast developing into a Tier-I city. You have been given this important and sensitive posting because of your reputation and competence. Your family has joined you. You are worried about the school admission of your five year old daughter, who has to change school in the middle of the academic year. Fortunately, the best school in the city, which is run by a famous educational trust, is ready to offer a place to your daughter. You quickly admit her in the school. A week later, your subordinate discovered that the school is involved in huge tax evasions and has sent a show cause notice to the school. The school managing trust has lodged an appeal against this assessment and the matter is to be decided by you being the Deputy Commissioner (Assessment). The school principal calls you and requests you to consider the school’s appeal.

What will be your response to the appeal made by the school? Support your answer with appropriate reasons. Evaluate the options you have and decide which would be the most consistent with your work ethics.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is premised on the factors of integrity of a public administrator.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the case study, identify the ethical situations involved that you as an officer are expected to address and suggest solutions satisfying all the stakeholders ethically.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the case.

Body:

To start with, one must answer this keeping in mind the probity in governance, ethics and integrity The first question tests the candidate’s ability to handle a complex situation that also involves his/her personal issues. It also checks his personal integrity and knowledge about the professional code of conduct and government rules. The candidate should also take into account the consequences of his actions. The second part of the case study tests your emotional intelligence and later your ability to analyse the situation and its possible consequences.

Conclusion:

Conclude by focusing on ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance.