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What are clinical trials? What are the issues with respect to conducting clinical trials in India? Present the ethical issues involved.

Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. What are clinical trials? What are the issues with respect to conducting clinical trials in India? Present the ethical issues involved. (250 words)

Reference:  Down to Earth 

Why this question:

Three India-based organisations are involved in studies to find a vaccine against the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). But none are being tested in here as the country does not have animals suitable for such pre-clinical trials. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of clinical trials; discuss the issues associated with special emphasis on the ethical perspectives involved.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what clinical trials are, why they are required.

Body:

To start with explain briefly the various stages involved in a clinical trial. Then discuss the need for clinical trials in general. Bring out the various challenges involved in the trials , take  examples and highlight the ethical dimensions involved and thus the concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions and measures to overcome and rule out the issues and concerns.