Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 April 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Social decay, deterioration of the previous order and long spells of chaos and disorder are some of the main causes of decline of the Great Mughal Empire in India. Deliberate.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is based on the premise of the downfall and decline of Mughal empire.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the factors responsible for downfall and decline of Mughal empire. And examine if Social decay, deterioration of the previous order and long spells of chaos and disorder were the main reasons behind it.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly talk about the period of rule of the Mughals in India.

Body:

The period of the Great Mughals, which began in 1526 with Babur’s accession to the throne, ended with the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 which marked the end of an era in Indian history. Highlight the fact that decline and downfall of the Mughal Empire was due to the combination of political, social and economic factors. Explain these in detail. Discuss the long term and short term effects of these factors.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the factors that led to its decline and establishment of newer kingdoms.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

2. Highlight the powers and functions of the Election Commission of India (ECI). Also, discuss the issues regarding the independence and impartiality of the ECI. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is based on the topic of ECI and related issues.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the powers and functions of the Election Commission of India (ECI) and discuss the issues regarding the independence and impartiality of it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction about Election Commission of India (ECI).

Body:

The Election Commission is a permanent and an independent body established by the Constitution of India directly to ensure free and fair elections. Highlight its administrative, advisory and quasi-judicial powers and functions; administrative, advisory and quasi-judicial. State the provisions regarding the Commission’s independence and discuss various issues surrounding it such as – appointments, security of tenure, appointment post retirement, with respect to financial autonomy etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that in light of these issues, it is essential to impart requisite institutional protection and independence so that public faith in the EC is strengthened. This bolsters the case for the removal of any political bias in the appointment of the CEC and ECs and the same should be channeled in a manner ensuring adequate participation of all the relevant stakeholders

 

Topic:  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

3. Are tribunals a panacea for judicial efficiency? Does tribunalisation of justice undermine the principles set in our constitution? Examine. (250 words)

Reference:  Legal Services India 

Indian polity by Lakshmikant  

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of Tribunals and there contribution in justice delivery.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the contributions of tribunal in justice delivery and the challenges associated with them.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly mention the concept of tribunals.

Body:

To start with, The original constitution did not contain provisions with respect to tribunals. However, the 42nd amendment Act, 1976 added a new part XIV A to the constitution. The Administrative tribunals are formed under the Article 323A of the Indian Constitution. However, tribunals for other matters are formed under the Article 323B of the Indian Constitution. Then discuss whether tribunals promote judicial efficiency. Present both sides of the argument. Later, analyze as to how tribunalisation of justice undermine ideas/principles set out in our constitution.

Conclusion:

Conclude that despite such challenges, tribunals are an excellent instrument of speedy dispute resolution and have become agents of good governance. In the interest of better justice delivery, the institutions like tribunals cannot be dispensed with altogether.

 

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

4. Critically examine the recent trends of US retreating from Global leadership role .(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is amidst the fact that recently US has halted the funding to the WHO over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic.

Key demand of the question:

One must examine the recent trends of US retreating from Global leadership role.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the withdrawal of US from the WHO contributions. USA is the biggest overall donor to WHO, contributing more than $400 million in 2019, roughly 15% of its budget.

Body:

To start with, list down various instances in the recent past highlighting withdrawal of US from the global leadership roles such as –

With the beginning of Trump Presidency (2016 onwards), US has

  • Quit the U.N. Human Rights Council and U.N. cultural agency UNESCO
  • Pulled out of Paris accord and Iran nuclear deal
  • Cut funding for the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA) and U.N. agency that helps Palestinian refugees (UNRWA)
  • Opposed a U.N. migration pact etc.

Discuss what needs to be done to overcome the concerning situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Explain in the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic, how dependence on a more liberalized economic model has proved to be counter-productive and disastrous for the country. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The authors of this article argue that the COVID-19 pandemic reveals how dependence on a more liberalized economic model has proved to be counter-productive and disastrous in the current scenario. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One must evaluate the challenges related to the liberalized economic model amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly set the background of the question’s context.

Body:

To start with, explain the change in the industrial model in the past – in the late 1980s, transnational corporations started shifting their production base to developing countries, especially Asia, in search of cheap labour and raw materials. Developed countries supported the move as it helped them shift the polluting and labour-intensive industries to other countries, while still retaining the ownership. Thus, the world witnessed the development of global supply chains in many products. Discuss the current case; explain the fallacies brought out by the COVID-19 situation. Take hints from the article to form your answer content. Present the case of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the current pandemic should lead the countries to rethink and reevaluate the economic efficiency theory propounded by the LPG principle. There should be the emphasis on an industrial policy that helps maintain core capacity in essential products.

 

Topic:  Salient features of world’s role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges

6. Who is to blame for the menace of rumors? Is it a policy issue or is it due to the lackadaisical approach by the social media companies or is it a combination of both? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses the threat of fake news to the efforts against COVID-19 and the necessary measures to tackle it. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the menace of rumors, discuss the reasons causing it and suggest measures to address them.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss the context – Misinformation linked to supposed cures for COVID-19 and misleading claims have proliferated on social media networks.

Body:

To start with, explain the dangers posed by inaccurate information. Discuss the reasons that often lead to creation of such rumors – misinformation, explain whether it’s a policy issue or is it due to the lackadaisical approach by the social media companies or is it a combination of both. Take a balanced stand and give your opinion with suitable justifications.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. What are clinical trials? What are the issues with respect to conducting clinical trials in India? Present the ethical issues involved. (250 words)

Reference:  Down to Earth 

Why this question:

Three India-based organisations are involved in studies to find a vaccine against the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). But none are being tested in here as the country does not have animals suitable for such pre-clinical trials. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of clinical trials; discuss the issues associated with special emphasis on the ethical perspectives involved.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what clinical trials are, why they are required.

Body:

To start with explain briefly the various stages involved in a clinical trial. Then discuss the need for clinical trials in general. Bring out the various challenges involved in the trials , take  examples and highlight the ethical dimensions involved and thus the concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions and measures to overcome and rule out the issues and concerns.