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Highlight the powers and functions of the Election Commission of India (ECI). Also, discuss the issues regarding the independence and impartiality of the ECI.

Topic:  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

2. Highlight the powers and functions of the Election Commission of India (ECI). Also, discuss the issues regarding the independence and impartiality of the ECI. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is based on the topic of ECI and related issues.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the powers and functions of the Election Commission of India (ECI) and discuss the issues regarding the independence and impartiality of it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction about Election Commission of India (ECI).

Body:

The Election Commission is a permanent and an independent body established by the Constitution of India directly to ensure free and fair elections. Highlight its administrative, advisory and quasi-judicial powers and functions; administrative, advisory and quasi-judicial. State the provisions regarding the Commission’s independence and discuss various issues surrounding it such as – appointments, security of tenure, appointment post retirement, with respect to financial autonomy etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that in light of these issues, it is essential to impart requisite institutional protection and independence so that public faith in the EC is strengthened. This bolsters the case for the removal of any political bias in the appointment of the CEC and ECs and the same should be channeled in a manner ensuring adequate participation of all the relevant stakeholders