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Critically examine the recent trends of US retreating from Global leadership role

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

4. Critically examine the recent trends of US retreating from Global leadership role .(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is amidst the fact that recently US has halted the funding to the WHO over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic.

Key demand of the question:

One must examine the recent trends of US retreating from Global leadership role.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the withdrawal of US from the WHO contributions. USA is the biggest overall donor to WHO, contributing more than $400 million in 2019, roughly 15% of its budget.

Body:

To start with, list down various instances in the recent past highlighting withdrawal of US from the global leadership roles such as  With the beginning of Trump Presidency (2016 onwards), US has Quit the U.N. Human Rights Council and U.N. cultural agency UNESCO Pulled out of Paris accord and Iran nuclear deal Cut funding for the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA) and U.N. agency that helps Palestinian refugees (UNRWA) Opposed a U.N. migration pact etc. Discuss what needs to be done to overcome the concerning situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.