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Write a short note on Quasi-judicial bodies of India .

Topic:  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

4. Write a short note on Quasi-judicial bodies of India .(250 words)

Reference:  Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is based on the concept of quasi –judicial bodies in India.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what quasi –judicial bodies in India are, their relevance, roles and responsibilities in detail.

Structure of the answer:


Briefly define quasi-judicial bodies.


A quasi-judicial body can be an individual or body with powers resembling a court of law.

  • They can adjudicate and decide penalties on the guilty.
  • They are different from judicial bodies in that their field is limited compared to a court.
  • They can be formed on a matter pending in court, by a court order if the court considers it necessary; the court reserves the right to appoint members of such a body.
  • They can be tribunals for a specific domain, or like an arbitrator

 Give Examples of quasi-judicial bodies such as –  National Human Rights Commission, National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, Competition Commission of India, Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Appellate Tribunal for Electricity, Railway Claims Tribunal, Intellectual Property Appellate Tribunal, Banking Ombudsman, etc. Bring out their importance.


Conclude with their significance in the Indian polity.