Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT
5. The idea of e-Court system can provide the judiciary with an opportunity to address the problem of delayed justice. Discuss. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The article discusses the need for an e-court system and the steps to be taken to ensure the setting up of an effective framework for e-courts. Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the prospects of e-courts to the Indian judiciary and explain in what way it can be a game changer altogether in addressing the challenges of delayed justice.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the background – In the light of the national lockdown, the Indian courts too are under a lockdown thus severely restricting the citizen’s access to justice for this period.
To start with, present the issue of delayed justice in the country in detail. Plagued by the complete inability of the conventional court system to deliver timely justice. The average time for case disposal in India is comparatively much larger than in other countries. Then move onto explain the role of technology that can possibly change the dynamics of justice delivery. Bring out the associated challenges.
Conclude that the e-court system apart from increasing the access to justice can also simultaneously reduce the burden on conventional courts. Given the current situation of low judge: population ratio in India, the more efficient e-court system will enable the judiciary to more effectively use its scarce resources.