Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
5. Give an account of the factors responsible for the limited success of Lok Adalats. What measures are required to ensure that Lok Adalats function as an effective dispute redressal mechanism?(250 words)
Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant
Why this question:
The question is based on the theme of Lok Adalats.
Key demand of the question:
One has to present the factors owing to which the Lok Adalats have famed to be a limited success and suggest measures as to what needs to be done to address challenges associated that hinder its functions.
Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what Lok Adalats are; Lok Adalat is one of the alternative dispute redressal mechanisms, it is a forum where disputes/cases pending in the court of law or at pre-litigation stage are settled/ compromised amicably.
The question is very much straight forward; first explain the factors responsible for limited success of Lok Adalats – Lok Adalats are not apposite for complex cases, Lack of Confidentiality, Diminished Party Autonomy, Needs consent of both the parties etc. Suggest measures to improve functioning of Lok Adalats – Establishing permanent and continuous Lok Adalats in all the Districts, Accreditation of NGOs for Legal Literacy and Legal Awareness Campaign, Sensitization of Judicial officers in regard of legal Services Scheme etc.
Conclude with way forward.