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Discuss the contributions of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar in bringing Rights of Dalit and Marginalized community in the country.

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

3. Discuss the contributions of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar in bringing Rights of Dalit and Marginalized community in the country. (250 words)

Reference:  Business Insider 

Why this question:

Personalities are always an area of interest for UPSC and the personalities in news are always areas of focus. In 2020, the nation celebrates the 129th birth anniversary. Thus the question.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the time period of Dr Ambedkar.

Body:

To start with, explain about his Birth and Education. Discuss his movement for Rights of Dalit and Marginalized community; In 1919, in his testimony before the Southborough Committee in preparation of the Government of India Act Ambedkar opined that there should be a separate electoral system for the Untouchables and other marginalized communities, In 1920, Ambedkar launched a newspaper called “Mooknayaka” (leader of the silent) with the assistance of Shahaji II, the Maharaja of Kolhapur. (other periodicals- ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’ (1927), ‘Samatha’ (1929) and ‘Janata’ (1930)), In 1923, he set up the ‘Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha (Outcastes Welfare Association), Ambedkar launched full-fledged movements for Dalit rights by 1927 and demanded public drinking water sources open to all and right for all castes to enter temples, signing of Poona pact in 1932 etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that his contributions to the Indian polity were remarkable and are alive even today.