Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
4. CAG is instrumental in securing accountability of the executive to the Parliament in the sphere of financial administration. Elaborate. Enumerate the provisions made in the Constitution to ensure the independence of the CAG. (250 words)
Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant
Why this question:
The question is based on the functionality of CAG and provisions in the constitution related to it.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in what way CAG is instrumental in securing accountability of the executive to the Parliament in the sphere of financial administration. And discuss the provisions associated with it in the constitution.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the composition of CAG and its origin.
Start by highlighting how executive is accountable to the Parliament in a parliamentary democracy. Then discuss how parliament enforces financial accountability upon executive with the help of PAC and the role of CAG in it. Conclude by enumerating the constitutional provisions for ensuring independence of the CAG.
Reassert the significance of CAG in the Indian constitutional setup.