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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 April 2020

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

1. Present the role played by Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR)  amidst the ever-increasing role of soft power across the world.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

The Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) celebrates its foundation day on 9th of April. The article presents a brief upon it.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the role being played by Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) while asserting the significance of soft power in the current world.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the coming of Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) into existence. The ICCR is an autonomous organisation of the Government of India involved in India’s external cultural relations, through cultural exchanges with other countries and their peoples. It was founded in 1950 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, independent India’s first Education Minister.

Body:

To start with, highlight the role of Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR). The ICCR was established when there was neither the concept of soft power nor was the term in use. Naturally then, the activities were limited in terms of their number and their diverse character as well. Majorly, it was about scholarships to foreign students, cultural exchanges involving artistes and youths as also establishing some chairs in some universities, etc. Now, in a world where every nation wants to influence and occupy the mind space of the global community and thereby add to its prowess, the ICCR has a major role to play. Owing to the limitations of military might which are more obvious, the importance of soft power is increasing.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the ICCR is an autonomous organisation of the Government of India involved in India’s external cultural relations, through cultural exchanges with other countries and their peoples, thus is pivotal in tendering India’s soft power diplomacy.

 

Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

2. How do Pressure Groups Influence Politics in India? Discuss their roles.(250  words)

Reference:  Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper II.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what pressure groups are, their role with special focus on their influence on Indian politics.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In short define what pressure groups are.

Body:

On the whole, pressure groups have a very important role in a modern political system where the state is irrevocably wedded to the ideals of representative democracy and social welfare. One thing needs to be pointed out here. Pressure group is a group of people who are organized actively for promoting or defending their common interest. The term ‘pressure group’ is used as the group attempts to bring a change in the public policy by exerting pressure on the government. Discuss some examples from recent times.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

3. Article 21 of the Constitution provides, “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law”. Analyse the value principle involved and its relevance in today’s context.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based on the significance of Article 21, the principle involved in it and its relevance.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the relevance of Article 21, its significance with respect to right to life and the principle underlying.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain Article 21 in short first.

Body:

Under the canopy of Article 21, so many rights have found shelter, growth, and nourishment. Thus, the bare necessities, minimum and basic requirements those are essential, and unavoidable for a person is the core concept of the right to life. The expression of personal liberty in Article 21 was given an expansive interpretation. The court emphasized that the expression of personal liberty is of wide amplitude covering a variety of rights which go to constitute the personal liberty of man. Discuss the contemporary situations which limit life and personal liberty. Analyse the value principle of Article 21 and its relevance in today’s context

Conclusion:

In the course of time, Article 21 has come to be regarded as the heart of the Fundamental Rights. It has enough positive content in it, and it is not merely negative in its reach.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Examine whether the Essential Commodities Act (ECA)is relevant in today’s India?(250 words)

Reference:  Business Today

Why this question:

The question is based on the do ability of Essential Commodities Act (ECA) in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain if the Essential Commodities Act 1955 is an anachronistic act, present your opinion whether it should be kept alive or done away with.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define the basics of Essential Commodities Act.

Body:

The ECA, 1955, was enacted to control the production, supply and distribution of, and trade and commerce in, certain goods considered as essential commodities. The Act itself does not lay out rules and regulations but allows the states to issue control orders related to dealer licensing, regulate stock limits, and restrict movement of goods and requirements of compulsory purchases under a levy system. Present the advantages and disadvantages associated with the Act. Suggest solutions to address the associated challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5.Can we integrate “Assemble in India for the world” into “Make in India” to achieve an unprecedented opportunity to chart a China-like, labour-intensive, export trajectory that was witnessed till recent times? Evaluate. (250 words)

Reference:  Money Control 

Why this question:

The question is based on the observations pointed out by this year’s economic survey.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the advantages and possibility of integrating “Assemble in India for the world” into “Make in India” to achieve an unprecedented opportunity to chart a China-like, labour-intensive, export trajectory that was witnessed till recent times.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

On the much debated job creation issue, the Survey highlights that India can look at creating employment by emerging as a major hub for final assembly in a range of products.

Body:

To start with, explain that the Survey says India has unprecedented opportunity to chart a China-like, labour-intensive, export trajectory by integrating “Assemble in India for the world” into Make in India. Discuss the observations made by survey. Give your opinion about the way ahead.

Conclusion:

Conclude on a positive note and suggest at the potential that Indian markets have.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. Explain how ethics can help in improving the declining values of media today?(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the premise of declining values of media in the current times.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the role that ethics can play in improving the declining values of media in the current times.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce by writing the relation between ethics and values. Ethics are set of rules that govern the behaviour or person or group and values refers to the belief of a person. Though different but both ethics and values share a strong correlation.

Body:

Talk about the declining values of media; Despite growth in massive growth of media and emergence of new forms of media, such as digital media, Social media, we also see the problem of decline in values such as – fake news, fabricated media, Corporatization of media, paid news, unwarranted sting operations etc. Explain how ethics can contribute in improving the declining values.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of ethics and values in ensuring ethical media.

 

Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. What do you understand by ‘civic virtue’ in public life? What are the challenges in practicing it in today’s time? How can these challenges be overcome? Elaborate. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of civic virtue and its importance in public life.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what do you understand by ‘civic virtue’ in public life? What are the challenges in practicing it in today’s time? How can these challenges be overcome.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Civic virtue is morality or a standard of righteous behavior in relation to a citizen’s involvement in a society. It is an underpinning of how a citizen relates to the society. As such, civic virtue has different notions in different societies

Body:

To start with, Define the civic virtue and discuss different dimensions of civic virtue. Civic virtue lays stress on communitarianism rather than individualism. Robert Putnam has defined three civic virtues: active participation in public life, trustworthiness and reciprocity that is required through social connectedness. Discuss the challenges faced by public while practicing it; Growing individualism, Competition for limited resources, Lack of trust between public organizations and people, Difficulties in bringing about changes in behaviour and attitude etc. Suggest what needs to be done to overcome these challenges? – Promote civic education, Lead by Example, bring awareness about rights and duties etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.