Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
2. How do Pressure Groups Influence Politics in India? Discuss their roles.(250 words)
Reference: Indian Polity by Lakshmikant
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper II.
Key demand of the question:
Explain what pressure groups are, their role with special focus on their influence on Indian politics.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In short define what pressure groups are.
On the whole, pressure groups have a very important role in a modern political system where the state is irrevocably wedded to the ideals of representative democracy and social welfare. One thing needs to be pointed out here. Pressure group is a group of people who are organized actively for promoting or defending their common interest. The term ‘pressure group’ is used as the group attempts to bring a change in the public policy by exerting pressure on the government. Discuss some examples from recent times.
Conclude with way forward.