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Examine whether the Essential Commodities Act (ECA)is relevant in today’s India?

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Examine whether the Essential Commodities Act (ECA)is relevant in today’s India?(250 words)

Reference:  Business Today

Why this question:

The question is based on the do ability of Essential Commodities Act (ECA) in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain if the Essential Commodities Act 1955 is an anachronistic act, present your opinion whether it should be kept alive or done away with.


Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:


Briefly define the basics of Essential Commodities Act.


The ECA, 1955, was enacted to control the production, supply and distribution of, and trade and commerce in, certain goods considered as essential commodities. The Act itself does not lay out rules and regulations but allows the states to issue control orders related to dealer licensing, regulate stock limits, and restrict movement of goods and requirements of compulsory purchases under a levy system. Present the advantages and disadvantages associated with the Act. Suggest solutions to address the associated challenges.


Conclude with way forward.