Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
3. Article 21 of the Constitution provides, “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law”. Analyse the value principle involved and its relevance in today’s context.(250 words)
Reference: Indian Polity by Lakshmikant
Why this question:
The question is based on the significance of Article 21, the principle involved in it and its relevance.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the relevance of Article 21, its significance with respect to right to life and the principle underlying.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Explain Article 21 in short first.
Under the canopy of Article 21, so many rights have found shelter, growth, and nourishment. Thus, the bare necessities, minimum and basic requirements those are essential, and unavoidable for a person is the core concept of the right to life. The expression of personal liberty in Article 21 was given an expansive interpretation. The court emphasized that the expression of personal liberty is of wide amplitude covering a variety of rights which go to constitute the personal liberty of man. Discuss the contemporary situations which limit life and personal liberty. Analyse the value principle of Article 21 and its relevance in today’s context
In the course of time, Article 21 has come to be regarded as the heart of the Fundamental Rights. It has enough positive content in it, and it is not merely negative in its reach.