Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
6. Vast powers have been vested in the office of the Speaker to strengthen the democratic institutions of the parliamentary system, and not to stifle dissent or protest in the House. Comment in the context of India.(250 words)
Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant
Why this question:
The question is based on the role of speaker in the Indian parliamentary system and its importance.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the role of speaker in general and the concerns and challenges associated with it.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
The Speaker of Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly is elected from amongst its members. He is guardian of powers and privileges of the members, the House as a whole and its committees.
Briefly give an overview of the office of speaker. Powers and privileges of speaker that strengthens parliamentary system. Some contentions with respect to the office along with examples. Present case studies from the past depicting the conflicting roles played by the speaker. List down suggestions and way ahead.
Conclude that a Speaker needs to keep in mind the democratic ethos while presiding over esteemed office and her actions must appear to be objective and neutral as “Justice should not only be done, it must also be seen to be done”.