Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
5. The amendment to do away with the domicile requirement for elections to the Rajya Sabha has militated against the very purpose that guided the Constituent Assembly to create the Council of States and reduced it to a mere revising chamber. Critically analyse.(250 words)
Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant
Why this question:
The question is based on the recent amendments that were made with respect to doing away with the domicile requirement for elections to the Rajya Sabha.
Key demand of the question:
Critically analyse the amendment made and provide for the downside of it.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly talk about the importance of Rajya Sabha in the constitutional set up of India.
List the arguments in favour of removing the domicile requirements for elections to the Rajya Sabha. Then briefly discuss the purpose of Rajya Sabha in Indian polity. Examine how the doing away with the domicile criteria has diluted the utility of Rajya Sabha as envisaged by constituent assembly. Suggest reforms if needed.
Conclude with suitable solutions to address the issues arising out of the amendment.