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National Wildlife Board

Topics Covered: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

National Wildlife Board

What to study?

For Prelims: NBW- composition, objectives and functions.

For Mains: Environmental concern associated with the project and measures to address them.

Context: National Wildlife Board issues final nod for Mumbai-Nagpur highway amid lockdown. The approval was given via video-conferencing.

Background:

The 701-km Hindu Hruday Samrat Balasaheb Thackeray Maharashtra Samruddhi Mahamarg connecting Mumbai and Nagpur covering 10 districts, 26 talukas and 392 villages, will reduce the existing travel time of 15 hours to eight hours.

The project will require felling of over one lakh trees and passes through the 10-km eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) of Katepurna and Karanja Sohal Blackbuck wildlife sanctuaries towards one end of the state while cutting through the ESZ of Tansa lake sanctuary closer to the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. 

About National Board for Wildlife:

It is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

 Roles and functions:

  • Its role is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country.
  • Primary function of the Board is to promote the conservation and development of wildlife and forests.
  • It has power to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.
  • No alternation of boundaries in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries can be done without approval of the NBWL.

 Composition:

The NBWL is chaired by the Prime Minister. It has 47 members including the Prime Minister. Among these, 19 members are ex-officio members. Other members include three Members of Parliament (two from Lok Sabha and one from Rajya Sabha), five NGOs and 10 eminent ecologists, conservationists and environmentalists.

Insta Link:

Prelims Link:

  1. Chairpersons and other members of NBW.
  2. Various such bodies headed by PM.
  3. Difference between National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries,

Sources: pib.