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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 9 April 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Discuss the factors responsible for increasing marginalization of the elderly owing to the digital literacy. What needs to be done to overcome the challenge?(250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why this question:

The question is amidst the sufferings of elderly around the ongoing pandemic.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to analyse the marginalization of the elderly owing to lack of digital literacy. The answer must discuss the factors responsible and suggest solutions to overcome the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly bring out the context of the question.

Body:

To start with, present some facts such as – 74.9 per cent digitally illiterate, suggest that lack of computer skills and digital illiteracy is affecting their life in old age adversely.

According to the Agewell Foundation Survey, approximately 85.8 per cent respondents were found to be digitally and computer illiterate, out of which 76.5 per cent were elderly men and 95 per cent were elderly women.

Quote the factors responsible ,such as-  ever-widening generation gap between the young and the old, lack of facilities to learn, inability of older family members to understand the modern digital language of communication etc.

Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done to overcome these challenges, suggest policies and programs of the govt. in this direction.

 

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Trace the roots and evolution of classical music in India. Also identify the distinguishing features of Carnatic Music.(250 words)

Reference:  Art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, from the topic of art and culture of India.

Key demand of the question:

One must trace the roots and evolution of classical music in India and bring out the distinguishing features of Carnatic Music.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define music in general; explain the importance of it in a culturally rich country like India.

Body:

Give an overview of evolution of classical music in India. State the distinguishing features of Carnatic music. One can compare it with Hindustani music to provide for a better contrast and comparison.  State the contribution of various singers, musicians to the genre of Carnatic music.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of it to the culture of the country.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. Identify the key objectives of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012. Also highlight the challenges in its implementation. (250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the key aspects of the coming of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 into implementation, challenges and way forward to address the same.

Directive:

Identify – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss a very brief history of child protection from sexual offences in India and why POCSO was passed.

Body:

Start with the key objectives of the Act. Discuss the reasons for ineffectiveness of this act to prevent the sexual offence against child. Very briefly provide a way forward in this context.

Conclusion:

Conclude that In a country where 40% of the population falls below the age bracket of 18 years and about 53% children have been a subject to some form of sexual abuse, the proper implementation of POCSO in our country is a necessity of yesterday.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Discuss how the design of MGNREGA program makes it more successful than other rural development programmes.(250 words)

Reference:  nrega.nic.in

Why this question:

The question is concerning the success of MGNREGA relative to other rural development programs.

Key demand of the question:

Explain how the design of MGNREGA program makes it more successful than other rural development programmes.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the background of MGNREGA.

Body:

In Introduction briefly explain the significance of MGNREGA program. Clearly delineate the design of MGNREGA. Provide successful examples of the functioning of the MGNREGA to substantiate. Quote examples/case studies relevant to the question to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the importance of such a scheme.

 

Topic:  Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

5. The amendment to do away with the domicile requirement for elections to the Rajya Sabha has militated against the very purpose that guided the Constituent Assembly to create the Council of States and reduced it to a mere revising chamber. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based on the recent amendments that were made with respect to doing away with the domicile requirement for elections to the Rajya Sabha.

Key demand of the question:

Critically analyse the amendment made and provide for the downside of it.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly talk about the importance of Rajya Sabha in the constitutional set up of India.

Body:

 List the arguments in favour of removing the domicile requirements for elections to the Rajya Sabha. Then briefly discuss the purpose of Rajya Sabha in Indian polity. Examine how the doing away with the domicile criteria has diluted the utility of Rajya Sabha as envisaged by constituent assembly. Suggest reforms if needed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions to address the issues arising out of the amendment.

 

Topic:  Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

6. Vast powers have been vested in the office of the Speaker to strengthen the democratic institutions of the parliamentary system, and not to stifle dissent or protest in the House. Comment in the context of India.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based on the role of speaker in the Indian parliamentary system and its importance.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the role of speaker in general and the concerns and challenges associated with it.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The Speaker of Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly is elected from amongst its members. He is guardian of powers and privileges of the members, the House as a whole and its committees.

Body:

Briefly give an overview of the office of speaker. Powers and privileges of speaker that strengthens parliamentary system. Some contentions with respect to the office along with examples. Present case studies from the past depicting the conflicting roles played by the speaker. List down suggestions and way ahead.

Conclusion:

Conclude that a Speaker needs to keep in mind the democratic ethos while presiding over esteemed office and her actions must appear to be objective and neutral as “Justice should not only be done, it must also be seen to be done”.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. Value education empowers a person to confront the myriad challenges of contemporary Indian society. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the significance of value education in one’s life.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of value education, bring out in what way it helps and empowers a person to confront the myriad challenges of contemporary Indian society.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what value education is.

Body:

Explain value education and its importance; Values are generalized preferences to lead a particular kind of life or to attain a particular end state, like compassion, integrity, rule of law etc. Since values are learned through socialization, therefore education must help inculcate appropriate values like harmony, peace, compassion, humility, respect for human dignity & human rights and respect for the environment.

Describe how it can help in dealing with contemporary challenges in the Indian society – Contemporary Indian society has been facing the problem of declining values due to multi-dimensional forces such as globalization, materialism, consumerism, commercialization of education, environmental degradation, violence, religious fundamentalism and terrorism.

Suggest how to deal with the above challenges with the right value education.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of it.