Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
3. Identify the key objectives of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012. Also highlight the challenges in its implementation. (250 words)
Reference: Economic Times
Why this question:
The question is based on the theme of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the key aspects of the coming of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 into implementation, challenges and way forward to address the same.
Identify – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly discuss a very brief history of child protection from sexual offences in India and why POCSO was passed.
Start with the key objectives of the Act. Discuss the reasons for ineffectiveness of this act to prevent the sexual offence against child. Very briefly provide a way forward in this context.
Conclude that In a country where 40% of the population falls below the age bracket of 18 years and about 53% children have been a subject to some form of sexual abuse, the proper implementation of POCSO in our country is a necessity of yesterday.