Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
5. Do you think parallels can be drawn from the assassination of plague commissioner by the Chapekar brothers in 19th century and the present day decisions to control the pandemic at the expense of human rights and democracy? Examine.(250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The article highlights the recent restrictions posed by the different countries amidst the pandemic and it hints towards the violation of human rights in some countries like that of Zimbabwe.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the scenario of plague in the history of India and the current conditions of lockdown, provide for a comparison and suggest the contrast between the two incidents.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the current situation of lockdown and its needs.
To start with, explain the story of assassination of plague commissioner by the Chapekar brothers in 19th century, the conditions in which the incident took place in the history of modern India.
Then compare and contrast it to the current situation of lockdown.
Explain that thought the lockdown takes toll on the human rights, it is inevitable yet different from the scenarios of the plague epidemic of the past.
Discuss that it is important to not trade off the values of democracy at the cost of administration/lockdowns.
Conclude that the government of the day however is not letting away the democratic values to go away and is persuasive in its approach. The most vulnerable and neglected people in society are being protected both medically and economically.