Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6. While discussing the seaweed distribution and resource potential in India bring out the challenges of rising seaweed tides.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is straightforward and is based on the theme of Seaweed; its utility as a resource and possible concerns associated with it.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the seaweed distribution and resource potential in India; also bring out the challenges of rising seaweed tides.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
First define what Seaweed is – Seaweed or sea vegetables are forms of algae that grow in the sea. They’re a food source for ocean life and range in color from red to green to brown to black. Seaweed grows along rocky shorelines around the world, but it’s most commonly eaten in Asian countries such as Japan, Korea and China
To start with, discuss the distribution and resource potential of it in India – According to a report from the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), only 30 million tonnes of seaweeds, valuing €8 billion, are being harvested every year. In India, seaweeds grow abundantly along the Tamil Nadu and Gujarat coasts and around Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar islands. Discuss the importance of seaweed cultivation to India. Then move onto explain the challenges – highlight the issue of coastal eutrophication, disruption to coastal tourism, negative impact on the health of coasts etc.
Conclude by suggesting solutions to address the issues associated.