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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 April 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.)

1.  “The answers to the questions of present are hidden in the experiences of the past”, in this context discuss the impacts of coronavirus pandemic in comparison to the great depression of 1929.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

 With the novel coronavirus pandemic severely affecting the global economy, some experts have begun comparing the current crisis with the Great Depression; the devastating economic decline of the 1930s that went on to shape countless world events. The article captures a detailed narration of the same.

Key demand of the question:

One has to present a detailed analysis of the current economic distress that will be of great concern in the coming future with that of the great depression of 1929.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the context of the question with relevant facts.

Body:

To start with, narrate the details of great depression; The Great Depression was a major economic crisis that began in the United States in 1929, and went to have a worldwide impact until 1939.  While the Wall Street crash was triggered by minor events, the extent of the decline was due to more deep-rooted factors such as a fall in aggregate demand, misplaced monetary policies, and an unintended rise in inventory levels. The havoc caused in the US spread to other countries mainly due to the gold standard, which linked most of the world’s currencies by fixed exchange rates. Etc. Discuss the impact of it on India, comment on the aspects of Corona crisis and draw a comparison on the impact of it on economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women.

2. Examine the reasons that have led to skewed figures for women in the country’s workforce. Discuss the measures being taken by the Government to address it.(250 words)

Reference: Insights On India

Why this question:

The Television show captures a detailed debate and discussion on the sad picture of skewed women workforce and the effect of it on the society and economy of the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the reasons that have led to skewed figures for women in the country’s workforce. Discuss the measures being taken by the Government to address it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key facts like – Women workforce in the country fell to 18 percent in 2019 from 37 percent in 2006, non- government organization Azad Foundation reported on International Women’s Day (Celebrated on 8th of March every year). The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2020 ranks India at 112th position out of 153 countries on economic participation and opportunity.

Body:

To start with, Discuss what are the reasons behind the skewed figures for women in the workforce? – The declining women’s labor force participation, gender pay gap, high rates of informal work with lack of social security are seen as impediments to the goal of gender equality and empowerment of women in India. Stereotypes, lower wage rate, decline in the number of women in the workforce is accounted for mainly by rural women, which can be attributed to the dwindling agricultural sector etc. List down the measures being taken by the govt. to address these challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women.

3. What is the rationale behind decentralisation? Comment on the framework that exists for bringing decentralisation in India and the role of financial commissions in strengthening this process.(250 words)

Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based on the premise of decentralisation in India, its rationale and the role played by finance commission.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the rationale behind decentralization, comment on the framework that exists in India and the role played by Finance commission in strengthening the same.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what decentralisation implies.

Body:

To start with, explain the rationale behind decentralisation – Effective people participation in the decision making, Greater accountability, and effective service delivery are essential for proper functioning of democracy. Decentralisation brings these from grass root levels and strengthens the democracy. Discuss in detail the framework that existed before decentralisation. Explain that Economic independence is vital for the proper functioning of a country; role of finance commissions is paramount here, suggest the importance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4.  “A decentralized public health system that socializes the cost of healthcare is the need of the hour”, Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference: epw.in

Why this question:

The article plaints a bleak picture of the public health system in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One has to present the point of having a decentralized public health system for the country to socialize the cost of healthcare.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present the facts related to the public health system in India.

Body:

Bring out the lacunae in the healthcare sector first. Explain how and why Primary healthcare is one of the most neglected segments. Discuss with facts the gaps such as – Total personnel in all human health activities working in institutions with some inpatient facility is around 26.3 lakh, of which 72% works in urban areas that account for a little less than one-third of the population. Explain why we need a people-centred, decentralised public health system that socialises the cost of healthcare. Suggest benefits of adopting such a system. Present the case of Kerala and its administration and methods of handling the Nipah situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions to address the challenges.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:   Money laundering and its prevention.

5. What do you understand by round tripping? Discuss the concerns associated and suggest ways to address them. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

 In a major relief for New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV), the Supreme Court has quashed an income tax re-assessment notice issued by revenue authorities against the premier news broadcasting company. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of round tripping and discuss the concerns associated and suggest ways to address them.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define round tripping. Discuss the concerns associated and suggest ways to address them.

Body:

Round tripping refers to money that leaves the country though various channels and makes its way back into the country often as foreign investment. This mostly involves black money and is allegedly often used for stock price manipulation. Round tripping is often done through a series of transactions that don’t have any substantial commercial purposes, which makes it fall within the trappings of GAAR. List down the concerns associated with round tripping. Detail upon the efforts being taken the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting measures to tackle them.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. While discussing the seaweed distribution and resource potential in India bring out the challenges of rising seaweed tides.(250 words)

Reference: Geography and YouResearch Gate

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is based on the theme of Seaweed; its utility as a resource and possible concerns associated with it.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the seaweed distribution and resource potential in India; also bring out the challenges of rising seaweed tides.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First define what Seaweed is – Seaweed or sea vegetables are forms of algae that grow in the sea. They’re a food source for ocean life and range in color from red to green to brown to black. Seaweed grows along rocky shorelines around the world, but it’s most commonly eaten in Asian countries such as Japan, Korea and China

Body:

To start with, discuss the distribution and resource potential of it in India – According to a report from the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), only 30 million tonnes of seaweeds, valuing €8 billion, are being harvested every year. In India, seaweeds grow abundantly along the Tamil Nadu and Gujarat coasts and around Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar islands. Discuss the importance of seaweed cultivation to India. Then move onto explain the challenges – highlight the issue of coastal eutrophication, disruption to coastal tourism, negative impact on the health of coasts etc.

 Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to address the issues associated.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  emotional intelligence

7. Discuss the Skills that are required to become emotionally intelligent while highlighting the advantages of developing emotional intelligence for administration.(250 words)

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of emotional intelligence from GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

One has to elucidate upon the skill that are required to become emotionally intelligent and bring out the advantages of developing emotional intelligence for administration.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what EI is.

Body:

Emotional intelligence is the ability to understand and express our emotions to meet the requirements of day-to-day living, learning, and relating to others. Briefly narrate the importance of EI. Discuss the skills required – self-awareness, social skills, optimism etc. Highlighting the advantages of developing emotional intelligence for administration.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting importance of EI.