Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women.
2. Examine the reasons that have led to skewed figures for women in the country’s workforce. Discuss the measures being taken by the Government to address it.(250 words)
Reference: Insights On India
Why this question:
The Television show captures a detailed debate and discussion on the sad picture of skewed women workforce and the effect of it on the society and economy of the country.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the reasons that have led to skewed figures for women in the country’s workforce. Discuss the measures being taken by the Government to address it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with some key facts like – Women workforce in the country fell to 18 percent in 2019 from 37 percent in 2006, non- government organization Azad Foundation reported on International Women’s Day (Celebrated on 8th of March every year). The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2020 ranks India at 112th position out of 153 countries on economic participation and opportunity.
To start with, Discuss what are the reasons behind the skewed figures for women in the workforce? – The declining women’s labor force participation, gender pay gap, high rates of informal work with lack of social security are seen as impediments to the goal of gender equality and empowerment of women in India. Stereotypes, lower wage rate, decline in the number of women in the workforce is accounted for mainly by rural women, which can be attributed to the dwindling agricultural sector etc. List down the measures being taken by the govt. to address these challenges.
Conclude with way forward.