Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
4. “A decentralized public health system that socializes the cost of healthcare is the need of the hour”, Elucidate.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article plaints a bleak picture of the public health system in the country.
Key demand of the question:
One has to present the point of having a decentralized public health system for the country to socialize the cost of healthcare.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly present the facts related to the public health system in India.
Bring out the lacunae in the healthcare sector first. Explain how and why Primary healthcare is one of the most neglected segments. Discuss with facts the gaps such as – Total personnel in all human health activities working in institutions with some inpatient facility is around 26.3 lakh, of which 72% works in urban areas that account for a little less than one-third of the population. Explain why we need a people-centred, decentralised public health system that socialises the cost of healthcare. Suggest benefits of adopting such a system. Present the case of Kerala and its administration and methods of handling the Nipah situation.
Conclude with suitable solutions to address the challenges.